Romania is gorgeous country of the northern Balkans, on the crossroad between the Central and the South-eastern Europe, at half the distance between the Atlantic Coast and the Urals, covering the area of 237.600 square km. Romania borders with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and Moldova to the northeast and Bulgaria to the south. Romania is with its large territory the largest country in the southeastern Europe and the 12th-largest country in Europe. Romania includes the great part of the basin of the Danube River system situated on either side of the Carpathians. If you are expecting hospitality, tradition, wild life and nature, castles and medieval towns that are waiting to be safely discovered, than Romania is the right choice.
Romania is country of outstanding hospitable people proud of the their authochtonous origins, authenticity of traditional crafts and originality of the folk-songs. Romania is divided into several historic regions that no longer perform any administrative function: Dobrogea is the easternmost region of Romania, historical region at present shared between Romania and Bulgaria which extends from the northward course of the Danube River to the shores of the Black Sea and is represented by dolphins in the coat of arms in Romania. Moldavia stretches from the Eastern Carpathians to the Prut River on the Moldavian and Ukrainian border. Wallachia reaches south from the Transylvanian Alps to the Bulgarian border and is divided by the Olt River into Oltenia on the west and Muntenia on the east, that attained its independence in 1330 under rule of Ivanko Basaraba. The Danube River which flows on Romania’s territory along 1,075 km forms a natural border between Muntenia and Dobruja. The west-central region of Romania, known as Transylvania, is delimited by the magnificent arc of the Carpathians, which separates it from the Maramures region in the northwest; by the Crisana area, which borders Hungary in the west; and by the Banat region of the southwest, which adjoins both Hungary and Serbia. It is these areas in Romania west of the Carpathians that contain the highest concentrations of the nation’s largest ethnic minorities – Hungarians, Germans and Serbs. Today two Romanian nations spread from the left shore of the lower Danube River course to the nortners Carpathians, that are Romanian and Moldavian inhabitants, who were Christianized in the Serbian language. The Medieval linguistic data on Moldavia and Romania testify that the nations of those countries were created from the Serbs – Slovenes, by the engineering of churches and monarchies… along which the Romanian population classified in the Romanian people. Creation of the Romanian and the Moldavian nations was stipulated by modification of the Serbian language in the variation of the mixture with the Latin language, that came from concealment of the antique and Medieval documents which testify about Slavic Dacian population or the Dacian Slavs of those countries. The Serbs are mentioned in the Carpathian Mountains and in the lower part of the Danube River course in the 4th century, 308-324, during the imperial conflict between emperors Licinius and Constantine the Great, on the territory of the present Romania and Moldavia.